SKIN

Dry skin

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Overview

Dry pores and skin is not normally critical. In most circumstances it is brought on by components like scorching or chilly climate, low moisture within the air, and soaking in scorching water.

You can do quite a bit by yourself to enhance your pores and skin, together with utilizing moisturizers and avoiding harsh, drying soaps. But typically dry pores and skin occurs typically or is extreme. In these circumstances, chances are you’ll need assistance from a physician who makes a speciality of pores and skin (dermatologist).

Reading: Why is my skin so dry

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Symptoms

Dry pores and skin is commonly momentary — you get it solely in winter, for instance — however it could be a lifelong situation. Signs and signs of dry pores and skin rely in your age, your well being, the place you reside, time spent open air and the reason for the issue. Dry pores and skin is prone to trigger a number of of the next:

  • A sense of pores and skin tightness, particularly after showering, bathing or swimming
  • Skin that feels and appears tough
  • Itching (pruritus)
  • Slight to extreme flaking, scaling or peeling
  • Fine strains or cracks
  • Gray, ashy pores and skin
  • Redness
  • Deep cracks that will bleed

When to see a physician

Most circumstances of dry pores and skin reply properly to life-style and residential cures. See your physician if:

  • Your pores and skin would not enhance regardless of your finest efforts
  • Dry pores and skin is accompanied by redness
  • Dryness and itching intervene with sleeping
  • You have open sores or infections from scratching
  • You have massive areas of scaling or peeling pores and skin

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Causes

Dry pores and skin (xerosis) typically has an environmental trigger. Certain ailments can also considerably have an effect on your pores and skin. Potential causes of dry pores and skin embody:

  • Weather. Skin tends to be driest in winter, when temperatures and humidity ranges plummet. But the season might not matter as a lot should you dwell in desert areas.
  • Heat. Central heating, wood-burning stoves, area heaters and fireplaces all cut back humidity and dry your pores and skin.
  • Hot baths and showers. Taking lengthy, scorching showers or baths can dry your pores and skin. So can frequent swimming, significantly in closely chlorinated swimming pools.
  • Harsh soaps and detergents. Many fashionable soaps, detergents and shampoos strip moisture out of your pores and skin as they’re formulated to take away oil.
  • Other pores and skin situations. People with pores and skin situations resembling atopic dermatitis (eczema) or psoriasis are susceptible to dry pores and skin.

Risk components

Also read: The list of 10+ how to increase skin moisture

Anyone can develop dry pores and skin. But chances are you’ll be extra prone to develop the situation should you:

  • Are in your 40s or older. The danger will increase with age — greater than 50 p.c of older adults have dry pores and skin.
  • Live in dry, chilly or low-humidity climates.
  • Have a job that requires you to immerse your pores and skin in water, resembling nursing and hairstyling.
  • Swim steadily in chlorinated swimming pools.

Complications

Dry pores and skin is normally innocent. But when it isn’t cared for, dry pores and skin might result in:

  • Atopic dermatitis (eczema). If you are susceptible to develop this situation, extreme dryness can result in activation of the illness, inflicting redness, cracking and irritation.
  • Infections. Dry pores and skin might crack, permitting micro organism to enter, inflicting infections.

These problems are almost definitely to happen when your pores and skin’s regular protecting mechanisms are severely compromised. For instance, severely dry pores and skin could cause deep cracks or fissures, which may open and bleed, offering an avenue for invading micro organism.

Mayo Clinic Minute: Moisturizer suggestions from a dermatologist

Show transcript for video Mayo Clinic Minute: Moisturizer suggestions from a dermatologist

Drink loads of water, do not smoke, and wash your face and physique every day with a mild hypoallergenic cleaning soap for healthy-looking pores and skin, says Dr. Dawn Davis, a Mayo Clinic dermatologist.

And, after bathing, moisturize with a hypoallergenic, fragrance-free moisturizer if you’re accomplished to assist the pores and skin hydrate.

Also read: Can you repair your moisture barrier?

With so many merchandise from which to decide on, how do you decide the precise moisturizer? Dr. Davis says hypoallergenic is the important thing.

“Unscented doesn’t necessarily mean that it doesn’t have fragrance. Oftentimes unscented just means more chemicals,” says Dr. Davis.

What ingredient do you have to search for?

The most inert pure hypoallergenic product that you will discover in a moisturizer is petrolatum as in petroleum jelly.

Dr. Davis has one other essential tip for wholesome skincare that might doubtlessly save your life: “Please remember to wear your sunscreen.”

Prevention

Try these tricks to maintain pores and skin from getting excessively dry:

Also read: Choosing the Best Hair Color for You

  • Moisturize. Moisturizer seals pores and skin to maintain water from escaping.
  • Limit water publicity. Keep tub and bathe time to 10 minutes or much less. Turn the dial to heat, not scorching. Try to wash not more than as soon as a day.
  • Skip the drying cleaning soap. Try cleaning lotions, light pores and skin cleansers and bathe gels with added moisturizers.
  • Cover as a lot pores and skin as attainable in chilly or windy climate. Winter may be particularly drying to pores and skin, so remember to put on a shawl, hat and gloves if you exit.
  • Wear rubber gloves. If you need to immerse your fingers in water or are utilizing harsh cleansers, carrying gloves might help defend your pores and skin.

By Mayo Clinic Staff

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